Monday, January 02, 2023

Release notes Amsterdam Database of New Testament Conjectural Emendation, instalment 26 (2023-1)

[Note: since I cannot update the release notes page at the notes for the fresh instalment are temporarily provided here.]

26. 2 January 2023 (2023–1)


Compared to the previous release (25; 2022–4) 24 conjecture records were added (cj16931 to cj16954), together with 209 history records (s32264 to s32472). In the source records 212 citations have been included as well. The total number of true conjectures is now 6.536 (out of 6.955 conjecture records); the total number of history records is 22.472, of which 8.180 contain a citation.

Newly found conjectures and editorial alternatives

An important source of previously unknown conjectures (to me that is) was found in a series of articles by Harald Sahlin, notably in the journal Studia theologica. Since Sahlin also wrote numerous articles in Swedish to which I have no access yet, even more contributions by him are to be expected.

Matt 13:14–15 (cj16937): Torrey (1941) saw these verses as an interpolation.

Matt 28:9–17 (cj16947): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit verses 9 to 17a (up to καὶ ἰδόντες αὐτὸν προσεκύνησαν).

Mark 1:2–3 (cj16951): Sahlin (1959) proposed to omit ἐν τῷ Ἠσαΐᾳ τῷ προφήτῃ in verse 2 and the entire verse 3.

Mark 1:4 (cj16952): Sahlin (1959) proposed to omit ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ.

Mark 1:6 (cj16953): Sahlin (1959) proposed to omit καὶ ἐσθίων ἀκρίδας καὶ μέλι ἄγριον.

Mark 1:8 (cj16954): Sahlin (1959) proposed tor read πυρί instead of ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ.

Mark 5:1 (cj16948): Sahlin (1964) proposed to explain the existing readings by surmising an original Περαίων instead of Γερασηνῶν etc.

Mark 15:7 (cj16933): Klostermann (1909) suggested that a Ἰησοῦς was lost before the words ὁ λεγόμενος Βαραββᾶς.

Mark 9:12–13 (cj16936): in these much disputed verses Allen (1915) wanted to transpose 13c to before 13c and 12c–d to after verse 13, while also changing πῶς (12c) to οὕτως.

Mark 14:62 (cj16942): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit καὶ ἐρχόμενον μετὰ τῶν νεφελῶν τοῦ οὐρανοῦ.

Mark 15:62 (cj16943): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit τοῦ ναοῦ and εἰς δύο ἀπ’ ἄνωθεν ἕως κάτω, so that the entire verse reads καὶ τὸ καταπέτασμα ἐσχίσθη.

Luke 3:16 (cj16938): Sahlin (1949) wanted to read ἐν ὕδατι instead of μὲν ὕδατι.

Luke 4:3 (cj16939): Sahlin (1949) wanted to read δαιμόνιον instead of πνεῦμα δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου.

Luke 17:11 (cj16931): Blinzler (1953) wanted to read διὰ Γαλιλαίας instead of διὰ μέσον Σαμαρείας καὶ Γαλιλαίας.

John 1:6–8 (cj16940): Sahlin (1987) wanted to omit ὄνομα αὐτῷ Ἰωάννης in verse 6 and the whole of verse 8.

John 3:25 (cj16935): Grill (1902) apparently wanted to omit μετὰ Ἰουδαίου.

John 19:28 (cj16944): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit ἡ γραφή.

John 20:9–11 (cj16923): Blass (1902) wanted to transpose verse 9 (with ᾔδει for ᾔδεισαν) to verse 11, after κλαίουσα.

Acts 10:40 (cj16946): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit [ἐν] τῇ τρίτῃ ἡμέρᾳ.

Rom 5:16 (cj16941): Sahlin (1987) supposed homoeoteleuton had caused the loss of some words, so that instead of οὐχ ὡς δι’ ἑνὸς ἁμαρτήσαντος τὸ δώρημα one should read οὐχ ὡς δι’ ἑνὸς ἁμαρτήσαντος τὸ κρίμα, οὕτως καὶ δι’ ἑνὸς δικαιώσαντος τὸ δώρημα; (as a question). This is actually just a modification of the conjecture he proposed four years earlier (see cj14302).

1 Cor 1:28 (cj16932): Blass (1902) wanted to adopt parts of Marcion’s (reconstructed) reading, thus changing καὶ τὰ ἀγενῆ τοῦ κόσμου καὶ τὰ ἐξουθενημένα ἐξελέξατο ὁ θεός into καὶ τὰ ἀγενῆ καὶ τὰ ἐλάχιστα καὶ τὰ ἐξουθενημένα.

1 Cor 8:5–6 (cj16934): Treves (1977) regarded these two verses as an interpolation.

1 Cor 15:4 (cj16945): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit καὶ ὅτι ἐτάφη and τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ τρίτῃ, so that the entire verse reads ὅτι ἐγήγερται κατὰ τὰς γραφάς.

Jas 1:17 (cj16950): Ropes (1916) proposed the editorial alternative ἡ for ἤ.

Other noteworthy additions and corrections

Matt 11:17: Wellhausen’s conjecture (cj16794) cannot be just the omission of τὸν υἱὸν εἰ μὴ ὁ πατήρ, οὐδέ, but it is slightly unclear how he would construe the Greek. Based on his translation it seems he would also omit τις ἐπιγινώσκει, thus leaving the sentence as οὐδεὶς ἐπιγινώσκει τὸν πατέρα εἰ μὴ ὁ υἱός.

Mark 9:13 (cj15159): an earlier author than Couchoud (1933) for reading ἐποίησεν ὅσα ἔδει αὐτὸν ποιῆσαι instead of ἐποίησαν αὐτῷ ὅσα ἤθελον has been found, namely Blass (1899).

John 1:18: the conjecture made by Hirsch (cj16923; see instalment 25) turns out to be just a reinvention of the conjecture made by Semler in 1766 (cj10759). The cjID has been given to another conjecture, namely Blass’ rewriting of John 20:9–11 (cj16923; see above).

Jas 1:17 (cj10367): Hauck’s conjecture (1926) was recorded incorrecty as the omission of ἐνι παραλλαγὴ ἢ τροπῆς ἀποσκίασμα; Hauck actually proposed to read (partially following 𝔓23) ἔνι τι παραλλαγῆς ἢ τροπῆς ἀποσκιάσματος, or to accept Dibelius’ conjecture cj10368.


We express our thanks to colleagues who brought fresh information to our attention: Vincent van Altena, An-Ting Yi.