Monday, January 02, 2023

Release notes Amsterdam Database of New Testament Conjectural Emendation, instalment 26 (2023-1)

[Note: since I cannot update the release notes page at the notes for the fresh instalment are temporarily provided here.]

26. 2 January 2023 (2023–1)


Compared to the previous release (25; 2022–4) 24 conjecture records were added (cj16931 to cj16954), together with 209 history records (s32264 to s32472). In the source records 212 citations have been included as well. The total number of true conjectures is now 6.536 (out of 6.955 conjecture records); the total number of history records is 22.472, of which 8.180 contain a citation.

Newly found conjectures and editorial alternatives

An important source of previously unknown conjectures (to me that is) was found in a series of articles by Harald Sahlin, notably in the journal Studia theologica. Since Sahlin also wrote numerous articles in Swedish to which I have no access yet, even more contributions by him are to be expected.

Matt 13:14–15 (cj16937): Torrey (1941) saw these verses as an interpolation.

Matt 28:9–17 (cj16947): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit verses 9 to 17a (up to καὶ ἰδόντες αὐτὸν προσεκύνησαν).

Mark 1:2–3 (cj16951): Sahlin (1959) proposed to omit ἐν τῷ Ἠσαΐᾳ τῷ προφήτῃ in verse 2 and the entire verse 3.

Mark 1:4 (cj16952): Sahlin (1959) proposed to omit ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ.

Mark 1:6 (cj16953): Sahlin (1959) proposed to omit καὶ ἐσθίων ἀκρίδας καὶ μέλι ἄγριον.

Mark 1:8 (cj16954): Sahlin (1959) proposed tor read πυρί instead of ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ.

Mark 5:1 (cj16948): Sahlin (1964) proposed to explain the existing readings by surmising an original Περαίων instead of Γερασηνῶν etc.

Mark 15:7 (cj16933): Klostermann (1909) suggested that a Ἰησοῦς was lost before the words ὁ λεγόμενος Βαραββᾶς.

Mark 9:12–13 (cj16936): in these much disputed verses Allen (1915) wanted to transpose 13c to before 13c and 12c–d to after verse 13, while also changing πῶς (12c) to οὕτως.

Mark 14:62 (cj16942): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit καὶ ἐρχόμενον μετὰ τῶν νεφελῶν τοῦ οὐρανοῦ.

Mark 15:62 (cj16943): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit τοῦ ναοῦ and εἰς δύο ἀπ’ ἄνωθεν ἕως κάτω, so that the entire verse reads καὶ τὸ καταπέτασμα ἐσχίσθη.

Luke 3:16 (cj16938): Sahlin (1949) wanted to read ἐν ὕδατι instead of μὲν ὕδατι.

Luke 4:3 (cj16939): Sahlin (1949) wanted to read δαιμόνιον instead of πνεῦμα δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου.

Luke 17:11 (cj16931): Blinzler (1953) wanted to read διὰ Γαλιλαίας instead of διὰ μέσον Σαμαρείας καὶ Γαλιλαίας.

John 1:6–8 (cj16940): Sahlin (1987) wanted to omit ὄνομα αὐτῷ Ἰωάννης in verse 6 and the whole of verse 8.

John 3:25 (cj16935): Grill (1902) apparently wanted to omit μετὰ Ἰουδαίου.

John 19:28 (cj16944): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit ἡ γραφή.

John 20:9–11 (cj16923): Blass (1902) wanted to transpose verse 9 (with ᾔδει for ᾔδεισαν) to verse 11, after κλαίουσα.

Acts 10:40 (cj16946): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit [ἐν] τῇ τρίτῃ ἡμέρᾳ.

Rom 5:16 (cj16941): Sahlin (1987) supposed homoeoteleuton had caused the loss of some words, so that instead of οὐχ ὡς δι’ ἑνὸς ἁμαρτήσαντος τὸ δώρημα one should read οὐχ ὡς δι’ ἑνὸς ἁμαρτήσαντος τὸ κρίμα, οὕτως καὶ δι’ ἑνὸς δικαιώσαντος τὸ δώρημα; (as a question). This is actually just a modification of the conjecture he proposed four years earlier (see cj14302).

1 Cor 1:28 (cj16932): Blass (1902) wanted to adopt parts of Marcion’s (reconstructed) reading, thus changing καὶ τὰ ἀγενῆ τοῦ κόσμου καὶ τὰ ἐξουθενημένα ἐξελέξατο ὁ θεός into καὶ τὰ ἀγενῆ καὶ τὰ ἐλάχιστα καὶ τὰ ἐξουθενημένα.

1 Cor 8:5–6 (cj16934): Treves (1977) regarded these two verses as an interpolation.

1 Cor 15:4 (cj16945): Sahlin (1977) wanted to omit καὶ ὅτι ἐτάφη and τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ τρίτῃ, so that the entire verse reads ὅτι ἐγήγερται κατὰ τὰς γραφάς.

Jas 1:17 (cj16950): Ropes (1916) proposed the editorial alternative ἡ for ἤ.

Other noteworthy additions and corrections

Matt 11:17: Wellhausen’s conjecture (cj16794) cannot be just the omission of τὸν υἱὸν εἰ μὴ ὁ πατήρ, οὐδέ, but it is slightly unclear how he would construe the Greek. Based on his translation it seems he would also omit τις ἐπιγινώσκει, thus leaving the sentence as οὐδεὶς ἐπιγινώσκει τὸν πατέρα εἰ μὴ ὁ υἱός.

Mark 9:13 (cj15159): an earlier author than Couchoud (1933) for reading ἐποίησεν ὅσα ἔδει αὐτὸν ποιῆσαι instead of ἐποίησαν αὐτῷ ὅσα ἤθελον has been found, namely Blass (1899).

John 1:18: the conjecture made by Hirsch (cj16923; see instalment 25) turns out to be just a reinvention of the conjecture made by Semler in 1766 (cj10759). The cjID has been given to another conjecture, namely Blass’ rewriting of John 20:9–11 (cj16923; see above).

Jas 1:17 (cj10367): Hauck’s conjecture (1926) was recorded incorrecty as the omission of ἐνι παραλλαγὴ ἢ τροπῆς ἀποσκίασμα; Hauck actually proposed to read (partially following 𝔓23) ἔνι τι παραλλαγῆς ἢ τροπῆς ἀποσκιάσματος, or to accept Dibelius’ conjecture cj10368.


We express our thanks to colleagues who brought fresh information to our attention: Vincent van Altena, An-Ting Yi.

Wednesday, July 28, 2021

Amsterdam Database: editorial alternatives marked as “Diacritics”

The Amsterdam Database of New Testament Conjectural Emendation contains more than just conjectures. So-called “Editorial alternatives” are recorded as well. The Nestle editions include (included) several of such proposals, sometimes mentioning a name of the scholar attached.

Since it is not yet possible to easily find such cases in the online database, I include the list of editorial alternatives marked as involving “Diacritics” here, with links to the online database, where remarks and scholarly history can be found.

Matt 6:34 ἑαυτῆς ] αὑτῆς Westcott & Hort (cj10234)
Matt 8:18 αὐτόν ] αὑτόν Erasmus (cj10136)
Matt 9:16 αὐτοῦ ] αὑτοῦ Heinsius (cj12300)
Matt 13:23 ὅ … ὅ … ὅ ] ὁ … ὁ … ὁ Erasmus (cj11616)
Matt 15:5 ὠφεληθῇς ] ὠφελήθης Blass (cj15781)
Matt 23:37 αὐτήν ] αὑτήν Fritzsche (cj14020)
Matt 24:2 οὐ ] οὗ Meyer (cj12423)
Matt 24:41 ἐν τῷ ] ἔν τῳ Anonymous (cj10051)
Matt 27:29 ἀκανθῶν ] ἀκάνθων Pearce (cj10057)
Matt 28:1 σαββάτων ] σαββατών Masius (cj13619)
Mark 2:21 ἀπ’ αὐτοῦ ] αὑτοῦ Heinsius (cj13868)
Mark 7:11 ὠφεληθῇς ] ὠφελήθης Blass (cj10728)
Mark 9:23 πιστεῦσαι (𝔐) ] πίστευσαι Cappellus (cj12697)
Mark 11:13 οὐ γὰρ ἦν καιρὸς σύκων (𝔐) ] οὗ γὰρ ἦν, καιρὸς σύκων Heinsius (cj12611)
Mark 14:36 ὁ ] ὅ Heinsius (cj15382)
Luke 2:2 αὕτη ] αὐτή Triller (cj10414)
Luke 6:35 μηδέν ] μηδέν’ de Dieu (cj11385)
Luke 8:17 γάρ ἐστιν ] γὰρ ἔστιν Westcott & Hort (cj11617)
Luke 18:7 μακροθυμῶν (𝔐) ] μακροθύμων Elsner (cj16790)
Luke 20:19 πρὸς αὐτούς ] πρὸς αὑτούς Bornemann (cj11312)
John 1:24 ἀπεσταλμένοι ] ἁπεσταλμένοι Holwerda (cj12480)
John 3:34 οὐ ] οὗ Hitzig (cj16677)
John 5:2 κολυμβήθρα ] κολυμβήθρᾳ Hoelzlin (cj16160)
John 6:37 ἐκβάλω ] ἐκβαλῶ Anonymous (cj14628)
John 7:29 εἰμι ] εἶμι Schmidius (cj11945)
John 7:34 εἰμί ] εἶμι Stephanus (cj11678)
John 7:36 εἰμί ] εἶμι Stephanus (cj11946)
John 9:21 ἑαυτοῦ ] αὑτοῦ Erasmus (cj10223)
John 14:3 εἰμί ] εἶμι Schmiedel (cj11544)
John 19:14 ὥρα ἦν ὡς ἕκτη ] ὥρᾳ ἦν ὡς ἕκτῃ Bauldri (cj11990)
John 20:18 αὐτῇ ] αὑτῇ Pallis (cj16148)
Acts 4:31 παντὶ τῷ θέλοντι πιστεύειν (D05) ] παντί τῳ θέλοντι πιστεύειν Hilgenfeld (cj15923)
Acts 9:35 Σαρῶνα ] Ἁσσαρῶνα Nestle (cj10244)
Acts 13:8 Ἐλύμας ] Ἐλυμᾶς Scaliger (cj12244)
Acts 13:8 ὁ ] ὅ Heinsius (cj12245)
Acts 14:13 πρὸ πόλεως (D05) ] Προπόλεως Ramsay (cj11547)
Acts 19:38 ἀγοραῖοι ] ἀγόραιοι Camerarius (cj12405)
Acts 20:30 αὐτῶν ] αὑτῶν Stephanus (cj10087)
Acts 23:3 κρίνων ] κρινῶν Stephanus (cj16372)
Acts 28:15 οἱ ἀδελφοί ] ἁδελφοί Holwerda (cj12481)
Rom 1:30 θεοστυγεῖς ] θεοστύγεις Beza (cj12729)
Rom 5:5 καταισχύνει ] καταισχυνεῖ Pallis (cj15728)
Rom 5:7 γὰρ τοῦ ] γάρ του Hilgenfeld (cj10278)
Rom 5:18 εἰς … εἰς ] εἷς … εἷς Bruston (cj14705)
Rom 7:10 αὕτη ] αὐτή Baumgarten (cj10286)
Rom 8:15 ὁ ] ὅ Heinsius (cj12893)
Rom 8:34 κατακρινῶν ] κατακρίνων Erasmus (cj15132)
Rom 12:5 καθ’ εἷς ] κᾆθ’ εἷς Michelsen (cj16669)
Rom 13:11 ὅτε ] ὁτέ Schmidius (cj12956)
Rom 14:14 ἑαυτοῦ ] αὑτοῦ Griesbach (cj10304)
Rom 14:21 μηδὲ ἐν ᾧ ] μηδὲ ἓν ᾧ von Hofmann (cj10305)
Rom 16:7 Ἰουνίαν ] Ἰουνιᾶν Bentley (cj10310)
Rom 16:15 Ἰουλίαν ] Ἰουλιᾶν Anonymous (cj10311)
1 Cor 6:11 τινες ] τίνες zu Stolberg (cj15035)
1 Cor 9:8 ταῦτα ] ταὐτά Erasmus (cj10325)
1 Cor 9:10 ἤ ] ἦ Hess (cj10326)
1 Cor 9:15 ἢ – τό ] ἦ τό Bachmann (cj10328)
1 Cor 11:6 ξυρᾶσθαι ] ξύρασθαι Naber (cj13113)
1 Cor 14:7 ὅμως ] ὁμῶς Faber Stapulensis (cj10332)
1 Cor 15:8 ὡσπερεὶ τῷ ] ὡσπερεί τῳ Rittershusius (cj10335)
1 Cor 16:16 παντὶ τῷ ] παντί τῳ Hilgenfeld (cj10014)
2 Cor 3:17 οὗ ] οὐ Turner (cj15654)
Gal 1:7 τινες ] τίνες Baljon (cj12701)
Gal 2:17 ἆρα ] ἄρα Lachmann (cj10341)
Gal 3:15 ὅμως ] ὁμῶς Whitby (cj10342)
Eph 1:4 αὐτῷ ] αὑτῷ Morus (cj13218)
Eph 1:5 αὐτόν ] αὑτόν Erasmus (cj10018)
Eph 1:9 αὐτῷ ] αὑτῷ Erasmus (cj10019)
Eph 4:21 ἀλήθεια ] ἀληθείᾳ Westcott & Hort (cj10346)
Col 1:15 πρωτότοκος ] πρωτοτόκος Isidore of Pelusium (cj10687)
Col 1:20 αὐτόν ] αὑτόν Anonymous (cj10348)
Col 2:13 αὐτῷ ] αὑτῷ Heinrichs (cj16166)
Col 2:15 αὐτῷ ] αὑτῷ Erasmus (cj10024)
Col 2:23 καὶ ἀφειδίᾳ … ἐν τιμῇ ] ἀφειδία … ἐντίμη von Dobschütz (cj10651)
Col 2:23 ἀφειδίᾳ ] ἀφειδία Nestle (cj10028)
Col 3:18 ἀνῆκεν ] ἀνῇκεν d’Orville (cj13344)
1 Thess 4:6 ἐν τῷ ] ἔν τῳ Rittershusius (cj11545)
1 Thess 5:11 εἷς ] εἰς Faber Stapulensis (cj10352)
1 Thess 5:13 ἑαυτοῖς ] αὑτοῖς Schmiedel (cj10031)
2 Thess 2:4 αὐτόν ] αὑτόν Verschuir (cj13370)
2 Thess 2:11 ψεύδει ] ψεύδεῖ Markland (cj16802)
1 Tim 1:3 προσμεῖναι ] πρόσμειναι Knatchbull (cj13376)
2 Tim 2:2 μαρτύρων ] μαρτυρῶν Junius (cj13854)
Heb 1:3 αὐτοῦ ] αὑτοῦ Valckenaer (cj12166)
Heb 3:6 αὐτοῦ ] αὑτοῦ Stephanus (cj13031)
Heb 5:3 αὐτοῦ ] αὑτοῦ Griesbach (cj10363)
Heb 10:14 μιᾷ γὰρ προσφορᾷ ] μία γὰρ προσφορά Bengel (cj10364)
Heb 11:11 αὐτὴ Σάρρα στεῖρα ] αὐτῇ Σάρρᾳ Michaelis (cj11546)
Heb 12:3 ἑαυτόν ] αὑτόν Stephanus (cj10366)
Jas 3:6 τροχόν ] τρόχον Heinsius (cj15284)
1 John 5:18 ἑαυτόν ] αὑτόν Schmiedel (cj10395)
Rev 17:5 πορνῶν ] πόρνων Scaliger (cj10407)
Rev 18:23 φάνῃ ] φανῇ Anonymous (cj10410)

Sunday, July 11, 2021

Test: NT Conjectures Release Notes


Monday, April 06, 2020

Robertus Stephanus’ Greek New Testament editions online

The famous printer Robertus Stephanus (Robert Estienne) published four editions of the Greek New Testament. All of these can be found online, though quality and access differs. The list below is not exhaustive, and will be updated as more information comes to my attention.

1. 1546

Τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης ἅπαντα. Novum Testamentum. Ex bibliotheca regia (Paris: Robertus Stephanus).

– Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 1.L.29: ÖNBGB
– Regensburg, Staatliche Bibliothek, 999/Script.7: MDZ

2. 1549

Τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης ἅπαντα. Novum Testamentum. Ex bibliotheca regia (Paris: Robertus Stephanus).

– Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 1.L.34: ÖNB
– Universiteitsbibliotheek Gent, BIB.TH.003654: GB

3. 1550

Τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης ἅπαντα. Novum Iesu Christi D. N. Testamentum. Ex bibliotheca regia (Paris: Robertus Stephanus, 1550).

– Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 4.D.25: ÖNB
– WWU Münster, Bibelmuseum, H 1550: Bibelmuseum
– Regensburg, Staatliche Bibliothek, 999/2Script.67: MDZ
– [provenance unclear]: CSNTM (pages with biblical text only; good resolution; no navigation)

4. 1551

Ἅπαντα τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης. Novum Iesu Christi D. N. Testamentum. Cum duplici interpretatione, D. Erasmi, et Veteris interpretis: Harmonia item Euangelica, et copioso indice (Geneva: Robertus Stephanus, 1551).

– Universiteitsbibliotheek Gent, BIB.ACC.016001: GB (vol. 1); GB (vol. 2)
– Bibliothèque de Genève, Bb 2299: e-rara
– Assisi, Pro civitate museum, Cinquecentina 13-1 and 13-2: PCM (vol. 1); PCM (vol. 2)
– Augsburg, Staats- und Stadtbibliothek, Th B IV 17: MDZ (vol 1); MDZ (vol. 2)

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

The Amsterdam Database (again)

My two previous posts concerned release notes for instalments of the The Amsterdam Database of New Testament Conjectural Emendation (2017-4 and 2018-1).

You can henceforth find all release notes on the “About” page that is part of the database. Earlier release notes, from November 2016 onwards, have been included as well.

As always, we welcome suggestion for additions and improvements of the database.

Monday, January 01, 2018

Amsterdam Database of New Testament Conjectural Emendation – release 2018-1

Here are the release notes for the most recent instalment of the Amsterdam Database.


Compared to the previous release (2017-4), 36 conjecture records were added (cj16428 to cj16463), together with 344 history records (s28548 to s28791). The total number of true conjectures (not an editorial alternative; not misunderstood) is now 6064 (out of 6463 conjecture records). The total number of history records is 18791.

An interesting new conjecture is cj16456 by Constantine Simonides. It concerns a reading he included in several of his forgeries which in reality expresses his conviction on what the Greek text in Matt 19:24 should be.

Noteworthy corrections and additions

cj11261 on Matt 24:36 is now marked as "misunderstood," since its author, Owen, already appeals to manuscript attestation that he knows of.

For cj14068 on Rom 6:19 an earlier author than Moffatt has been identified, namely Wall (1730). This identification prevents the conjecture from being marked as misunderstood, which should have been done if Moffatt had remained the earliest author, since in his days the attestation of the omission in B03 was well known. Wall only refers to versional attestation (the Peshitta).

cj14070 on 1 Cor 14:33-36 was recorded incorrectly (though the citation makes clear what must be intended): the transposition is to after 1 Cor 14:40, not 1 Cor 13:40.


We express our thanks to colleagues who brought fresh information to our attention: Peter Gurry, Peter Head, Dora Panella, Marco Rotman, David Harold Warren, and Tommy Wasserman.

Sunday, October 01, 2017

Amsterdam Database of New Testament Conjectural Emendation - release 2017-4

Here are the release notes for the most recent instalment of the Amsterdam Database.


Compared to the previous release (2017–3), 125 conjecture records were added (cj16303 to cj16427), together with 482 history records (s28066 to s28547). The total number of true conjectures (not an editorial alternative; not misunderstood) is now 6030 (out of 6428 conjecture records). The total number of history records is 18547.

Many fresh conjectures are by Blass, but also conjectures by Zuntz, Price, Mill, Bailey, J. Weiss, Scheidweiler, Völter and some others have been added. Noteworthy is also cj16367, as the most recent conjecture, published in 2017 by our colleague Peter-Ben Smit.

Noteworthy corrections and additions

For cj11309 on Matt 9:12, previously marked as misunderstood since the authors indicated by Bowyer (Heinsius and Grotius) could not be confirmed, the true author has now been identified, namely Samuel Clarke; hence the conjecture is no longer marked as misunderstood.

For cj13009 on Mark 9:12 a slightly earlier author than Pallis has been found, namely Bultmann (1931).

For cj11389 on Luke 8:9 the question of authorship has been resolved. It concerns a conditional conjecture (if λέγοντες is maintained, then the text should be emended) by Beza, repeated by Lucas Brugensis and Price.

For cj15288 on Luke 8:36 an earlier author than Griesbach has been found, namely Mill.

For cj12005 on John 21:12 an earlier author than Semler has been found, namely Mill.

For cj14497 on Acts 8:10 an earlier author than Michelsen has been found, namely Mill.

The conjecture by van de Sande Bakhuyzen on Acts 9:28 (cj12015) was previously listed as attested by min. 1837 (following information from CNTTS), but it transpires (from CNTTS as well as ECM) that it omits the entire verse and should therefore not be counted as attestation for this short omission only.

For cj10092 on Acts 13:33, which has been adopted in the recently published ECM volume, the reception history has been much expanded.

For cj15121 on Acts 19:40, Pervo’s opinion that the verse contains a primitive corruption, Pervo
himself indicates that Ropes already expressed the idea. Pervo’s opinion is now listed as “Pro.”

For cj14697 on Acts 28:1 an earlier author than Michelsen has been found, namely Mill.

For cj13390 on 1 Tim 6:5 an earlier author than Naber has been found, namely Price.
Price’s conjecture on Tt 2:5 (cj13402) should be listed as a substitution, not an addition.

For cj15284 on Jas 3:6 (an editorial alternative) an earlier author than Abresch has been found, namely Heinsius (as well as Grotius).

For cj11016 on Rev 1:7, the correct form of Price’s conjecture is ἐπ’ αὐτοῦ, not ὑπ’ αὐτοῦ, as incorrectly reported by Bowyer.